Reinhard Pippan is currently vice director and a group leader at the Erich Schmid Institute. He studied mechanical engineering at a technical high school, then physics at the Technical University in Graz and received his PhD degree in 1982 at the Montanuniversität Leoben. His scientific career is mainly connected with the Erich Schmid Institute of the Austrian Academy of Sciences. Pippan’s research activities are focused on mechanical properties of metals, alloys and composites. The improvement of the basic understanding of the relations between the mechanical behaviour, the deformation processes, the fracture processes, and the micro- and nano-structure of the material is the aim. The activities with respect to the properties can be separated into three groups: Plastic deformation, fatigue and fracture, and micro- and nanomechanics. The effect of severe plastic deformation on the structural evolution and the mechanical properties are now an additional research topic. introduction of discrete dislocation mechanics to fatigue, the new ideas to improve the understanding of fatigue and the development of new experimental techniques have been the base to establish a leading group in the field of fatigue and fracture of materials. The experience obtained during this development of new methods in the analyses of deformation and fracture on the microscale in macrosamples was used to establish a new research area in the field of micromechanical testing.